Decrease font Increase font Restore font Brosimum alicastrum Sw.
Details
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Group: Dicot Rank: species Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, D, 64

Authors: Published In: Nova Genera et Species Plantarum seu Prodromus 12. 1788. (Prodr.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
Annotation: typ. cons.; as "Alicastrum"
Type-Protologue
Distribution: Jamaica
Note: Brown. jam. 372
Type Specimens
  • HT: Swartz s.n.; ; Jamaica (S; IT: G)
Higher Taxa:     Taxonomy Browser
Concept:    
Combinations for this basionym:
Piratinera alicastrum (Sw.) Baill.
Projects: Antioquia , Bolivia , Ecuador , Flora of Panama , Madidi Checklist , Mesoamericana , Nicaragua , Panama , Peru

Common Names:
  • breadnut
    • No References available
Keywords: BOL, CEC, FNA, FVG, FWT, BCA
Images:

Brosimum alicastrum


Brosimum alicastrum


Brosimum alicastrum


Brosimum alicastrum


Brosimum alicastrum


Brosimum alicastrum


Brosimum alicastrum


Brosimum alicastrum


Brosimum alicastrum


Brosimum alicastrum


Brosimum alicastrum


Hammel - 11653 - Costa Rica


Monro - 6835 - Costa Rica


Monro - 6835 - Costa Rica


Monro - 6835 - Costa Rica


Monro - 6835 - Costa Rica


Monro - 6835 - Costa Rica


Synonyms
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Accepted Names
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References
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Accepted By:
  • Reference article Alverson, W. S., D. K. Moskovits & J. S. Shopland. 2000. Bolivia: Pando, Río Tahuamanu. Rapid Biol. Inv. 1: 1–79.
  • Reference article Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • Reference article Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85: i–ix, 1–246.
  • Reference article Berendsohn, W.G., A. K. Gruber & J. A. Monterrosa Salomón. 2012. Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae – Familias M a P y Pteridophyta. Englera 29(2): 1–300.
  • Reference article Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
  • Reference article Berg, C. C. 1998. 27B. Moraceae (excl. Ficus). 60: 1–128. In G. W. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.) Fl. Ecuador. University of Göteborg, Göteborg.
  • Reference article Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
  • Reference article Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. (eds.) 1993. Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: i–xl, 1–1286.
  • Reference article Breedlove, D.E. 1986. Flora de Chiapas. Listados Floríst. México 4: i–v, 1–246.
  • Reference article Burger, W.C. 1977. Family 52. Moraceae. 40: 94–215. In W.C. Burger (ed.) Fl. Costaricensis, Fieldiana, Bot.. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
  • Reference article CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  • Reference article Cowan, C. P. 1983. Flora de Tabasco. Listados Floríst. México 1: 1–123.
  • Reference article Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer.. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
  • Reference article Dodson, C.H., A.H. Gentry & F.M. Valverde Badillo. 1985. Fl. Jauneche 1–512. Banco Central del Ecuador, Quito.
  • Reference article Flora of North America Editorial Committee, e. 1997. Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Fl. N. Amer. 3: i–xxiii, 1–590.
  • Reference article Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro.
  • Reference article Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584. View in Biodiversity Heritage Library
  • Reference article González Ramírez, J. 2007. Moraceae. In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. 6. B.E. Hammel, M.H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 111: 635–675.
  • Reference article Hokche, O., P. E. Berry & O. Huber. (eds.) 2008. Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venez. 1–860. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, Caracas.
  • Reference article Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Fl. Antioquia: Cat. 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Reference article Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Reference article Killeen, T. J. & T. S. Schulenberg. 1998. A biological assessment of Parque Nacional Noel Kempff Mercado, Bolivia. RAP Working Papers 10: 1–372.
  • Reference article Killeen, T. J., E. García Estigarribia & S. G. Beck. (eds.) 1993. Guía Árb. Bolivia 1–958. Herbario Nacional de Bolivia & Missouri Botanical Garden, Edit. Quipus srl., La Paz.
  • Reference article Long, R. W. & O. K. Lakela. 1971. Fl. Trop. Florida i–xvii, 1–962. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables.
  • Reference article Martínez Salas, E. M., M. Sousa Sánchez & C. H. Ramos Álvarez. 2001. Región de Calakmul, Campeche. Listados Floríst. México 22: 1–55.
  • Reference article Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118.
  • Reference article Parker III, T. A. & B. Bailey. 1991. A biological assessment of the Alto Madidi region and adjacent areas of Northwest Bolivia. RAP Working Papers 1: 1–108.
  • Reference article Pérez J., L. A., M. Sousa Sánchez, A. M. Hanan-Alipi, F. Chiang Cabrera & P. Tenorio L. 2005. Vegetación terrestre. 65–110. In J. Bueno, F Álvarez & S. Santiago Biodivers. Tabasco. CONABIO-UNAM, México.
  • Reference article Renner, S. S., H. Balslev & L.B. Holm-Nielsen. 1990. Flowering plants of Amazonian Ecuador–A checklist. AAU Rep. 24: 1–241.
  • Reference article Reyes-García, A. & M. Sousa Sánchez. 1997. Depresión central de Chiapas. La selva baja caducifolia. Listados Floríst. México 17: 1–41.
  • Reference article Sousa Sánchez, M. & E. F. Cabrera Cano. 1983. Flora de Quintana Roo. Listados Floríst. México 2: 1–100.
  • Reference article Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
  • Reference article Stevens, W. D., C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85: i–xlii,.
  • Reference article Steyermark, J. A. 1995. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Project.
Homonyms
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Subordinate Taxa
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Specimens
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Specimen coordinates enclosed in square brackets [ ] have been approximated based on political units.
Literature Based Distribution
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Mapping will be based on a standard reference mark based on political units when available.
  • South America
    • Brazil : Forzza, R. C. 2010. Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Mexico Chiapas: Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    • Mexico Oaxaca: García-Mendoza, A. J. & J. Meave del Castillo. 2011. Divers. Florist. Oaxaca 1–351. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad Universitaria.
    • Mexico Tabasco: Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    • Mexico Yucatan: Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
  • North America
    • United States Hawaii: Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
  • Caribbean
    • Caribbean Cuba: Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    • Caribbean Jamaica: Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
    • Caribbean Jamaica: Burger, W.C. 1977. Family 52. Moraceae. 40: 94–215. In W.C. Burger (ed.) Fl. Costaricensis, Fieldiana, Bot. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
    • Caribbean Jamaica: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Caribbean Jamaica: Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    • Caribbean Trinidad & Tobago: Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
    • Caribbean Trinidad & Tobago: Burger, W.C. 1977. Family 52. Moraceae. 40: 94–215. In W.C. Burger (ed.) Fl. Costaricensis, Fieldiana, Bot. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
    • Caribbean Trinidad & Tobago: González Ramírez, J. 2007. Moraceae. In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. 6. B.E. Hammel, M.H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 111: 635–675.
    • Caribbean Trinidad & Tobago: Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
  • South America
    • Colombia Bolívar Morales: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Peru Huánuco Pachitea: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Peru Junín Chanchamayo: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
  • Caribbean
    • Caribbean Windward Islands The Grenadines: Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
    • Caribbean Windward Islands St. Vincent: Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
    • Caribbean Windward Islands St. Vincent: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Caribbean Jamaica: SPECIMEN BASED RECORD. Published protolog data.
    • Caribbean Cuba: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Caribbean Cuba: Burger, W.C. 1977. Family 52. Moraceae. 40: 94–215. In W.C. Burger (ed.) Fl. Costaricensis, Fieldiana, Bot. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
    • Caribbean Cuba: Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
  • South America
    • Venezuela Zulia: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Venezuela Sucre: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Venezuela Lara: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Venezuela Bolívar: Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584.
    • Venezuela Aragua: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
  • North America
    • United States Florida: Flora of North America Editorial Committee, e. 1997. Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Fl. N. Amer. 3: i–xxiii, 1–590.
    • United States Florida: Long, R. W. & O. K. Lakela. 1971. Fl. Trop. Florida i–xvii, 1–962. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables.
  • South America
    • Peru Tumbes: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Peru San Martín: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Peru Madre de Dios: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Peru Loreto: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Mexico Tabasco: Pérez J., L. A., M. Sousa Sánchez, A. M. Hanan-Alipi, F. Chiang Cabrera & P. Tenorio L. 2005. Vegetación terrestre. 65–110. In J. Bueno, F Álvarez & S. Santiago Biodivers. Tabasco. CONABIO-UNAM, México.
    • Mexico Tabasco: Cowan, C. P. 1983. Flora de Tabasco. Listados Floríst. México 1: 1–123.
    • Mexico Sonora: Burger, W.C. 1977. Family 52. Moraceae. 40: 94–215. In W.C. Burger (ed.) Fl. Costaricensis, Fieldiana, Bot. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
    • Mexico Sonora: Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
    • Mexico Quintana Roo: Sousa Sánchez, M. & E. F. Cabrera Cano. 1983. Flora de Quintana Roo. Listados Floríst. México 2: 1–100.
    • Mexico Chiapas: Reyes-García, A. & M. Sousa Sánchez. 1997. Depresión central de Chiapas. La selva baja caducifolia. Listados Floríst. México 17: 1–41.
    • Mexico Chiapas: Breedlove, D.E. 1986. Flora de Chiapas. Listados Floríst. México 4: i–v, 1–246.
    • Mexico Campeche: Martínez Salas, E. M., M. Sousa Sánchez & C. H. Ramos Álvarez. 2001. Región de Calakmul, Campeche. Listados Floríst. México 22: 1–55.
    • Guatemala Retalhuleu: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
    • Guatemala Quiché: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
    • Guatemala Petén: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
    • Guatemala Izabal: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
    • Guatemala Huehuetenango: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
    • Guatemala Guatemala: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
    • Guatemala Escuintla: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
    • Guatemala Baja Verapaz: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
    • Guatemala Alta Verapaz: Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
  • South America
    • Ecuador Zamora-Chinchipe: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Ecuador Zamora-Chinchipe: Berg, C. C. 1998. 27B. Moraceae (excl. Ficus). 60: 1–128. In G. W. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.) Fl. Ecuador. University of Göteborg, Göteborg.
    • Ecuador Zamora-Chinchipe: Renner, S. S., H. Balslev & L.B. Holm-Nielsen. 1990. Flowering plants of Amazonian Ecuador–A checklist. AAU Rep. 24: 1–241.
    • Ecuador Zamora-Chinchipe: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Ecuador Pastaza: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Ecuador Pastaza: Berg, C. C. 1998. 27B. Moraceae (excl. Ficus). 60: 1–128. In G. W. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.) Fl. Ecuador. University of Göteborg, Göteborg.
    • Ecuador Pastaza: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Ecuador Morona-Santiago: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Ecuador Morona-Santiago: Berg, C. C. 1998. 27B. Moraceae (excl. Ficus). 60: 1–128. In G. W. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.) Fl. Ecuador. University of Göteborg, Göteborg.
    • Ecuador Morona-Santiago: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Ecuador Manabí: Berg, C. C. 1998. 27B. Moraceae (excl. Ficus). 60: 1–128. In G. W. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.) Fl. Ecuador. University of Göteborg, Göteborg.
    • Ecuador Manabí: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Ecuador Manabí: Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
    • Ecuador Los Ríos: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Ecuador Los Ríos: Berg, C. C. 1998. 27B. Moraceae (excl. Ficus). 60: 1–128. In G. W. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.) Fl. Ecuador. University of Göteborg, Göteborg.
    • Ecuador Los Ríos: Dodson, C.H., A.H. Gentry & F.M. Valverde Badillo. 1985. Fl. Jauneche 1–512. Banco Central del Ecuador, Quito.
    • Ecuador Los Ríos: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Ecuador Loja: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Ecuador Loja: Berg, C. C. 1998. 27B. Moraceae (excl. Ficus). 60: 1–128. In G. W. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.) Fl. Ecuador. University of Göteborg, Göteborg.
    • Ecuador Loja: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Ecuador Guayas: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Ecuador Guayas: Berg, C. C. 1998. 27B. Moraceae (excl. Ficus). 60: 1–128. In G. W. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.) Fl. Ecuador. University of Göteborg, Göteborg.
    • Ecuador Guayas: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Ecuador Esmeraldas: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Ecuador Esmeraldas: Berg, C. C. 1998. 27B. Moraceae (excl. Ficus). 60: 1–128. In G. W. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.) Fl. Ecuador. University of Göteborg, Göteborg.
    • Ecuador Esmeraldas: Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
    • Ecuador El Oro : Berg, C. C. 1998. 27B. Moraceae (excl. Ficus). 60: 1–128. In G. W. Harling & L. Andersson (eds.) Fl. Ecuador. University of Göteborg, Göteborg.
    • Ecuador El Oro : Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Cat. Vasc. Pl. Ecuador, Monogr. Syst. Bot. Miss. Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Costa Rica Guanacaste: González Ramírez, J. 2007. Moraceae. In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. 6. B.E. Hammel, M.H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 111: 635–675.
  • South America
    • Colombia Valle del Cauca: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Colombia Sucre: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Colombia Risaralda: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Colombia Magdalena: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Colombia La Guajira: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Colombia Cesar: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Colombia Antioquia: Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. (eds.) 2011. Fl. Antioquia: Cat. 2: 9–939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
    • Colombia Amazonas: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Brazil Roraima: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Brazil Acre: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Brazil Acre: Burger, W.C. 1977. Family 52. Moraceae. 40: 94–215. In W.C. Burger (ed.) Fl. Costaricensis, Fieldiana, Bot. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
    • Brazil Acre: Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
    • Bolivia Santa Cruz: Killeen, T. J. & T. S. Schulenberg. 1998. A biological assessment of Parque Nacional Noel Kempff Mercado, Bolivia. RAP Working Papers 10: 1–372.
    • Bolivia Pando: Alverson, W. S., D. K. Moskovits & J. S. Shopland. 2000. Bolivia: Pando, Río Tahuamanu. Rapid Biol. Inv. 1: 1–79.
    • Bolivia Pando: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Bolivia Pando: Killeen, T. J., E. García Estigarribia & S. G. Beck. (eds.) 1993. Guía Árb. Bolivia 1–958. Herbario Nacional de Bolivia & Missouri Botanical Garden, Edit. Quipus srl., La Paz.
    • Bolivia La Paz: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Bolivia La Paz: Parker III, T. A. & B. Bailey. 1991. A biological assessment of the Alto Madidi region and adjacent areas of Northwest Bolivia. RAP Working Papers 1: 1–108.
    • Bolivia La Paz: Killeen, T. J., E. García Estigarribia & S. G. Beck. (eds.) 1993. Guía Árb. Bolivia 1–958. Herbario Nacional de Bolivia & Missouri Botanical Garden, Edit. Quipus srl., La Paz.
    • Bolivia Beni: Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Bolivia Beni: Killeen, T. J., E. García Estigarribia & S. G. Beck. (eds.) 1993. Guía Árb. Bolivia 1–958. Herbario Nacional de Bolivia & Missouri Botanical Garden, Edit. Quipus srl., La Paz.
  • Caribbean
    • Caribbean : Berendsohn, W.G., A. K. Gruber & J. A. Monterrosa Salomón. 2012. Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae – Familias M a P y Pteridophyta. Englera 29(2): 1–300.
    • Caribbean : González Ramírez, J. 2007. Moraceae. In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. 6. B.E. Hammel, M.H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 111: 635–675.
    • Caribbean : Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
    • Caribbean : Burger, W.C. 1977. Family 52. Moraceae. 40: 94–215. In W.C. Burger (ed.) Fl. Costaricensis, Fieldiana, Bot. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
  • South America
    • Venezuela : Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    • Venezuela : González Ramírez, J. 2007. Moraceae. In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. 6. B.E. Hammel, M.H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 111: 635–675.
    • Venezuela : Burger, W.C. 1977. Family 52. Moraceae. 40: 94–215. In W.C. Burger (ed.) Fl. Costaricensis, Fieldiana, Bot. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
    • Venezuela : Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
    • Venezuela : Steyermark, J. A. 1995. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Project.
  • North America
    • United States : Flora of North America Editorial Committee, e. 1997. Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. Fl. N. Amer. 3: i–xxiii, 1–590.
    • United States : Long, R. W. & O. K. Lakela. 1971. Fl. Trop. Florida i–xvii, 1–962. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables.
    • United States : Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville.
  • South America
    • Peru : Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    • Peru : Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. (eds.) 1993. Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: i–xl, 1–1286.
    • Peru : Burger, W.C. 1977. Family 52. Moraceae. 40: 94–215. In W.C. Burger (ed.) Fl. Costaricensis, Fieldiana, Bot. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Panama : Berendsohn, W.G., A. K. Gruber & J. A. Monterrosa Salomón. 2012. Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae – Familias M a P y Pteridophyta. Englera 29(2): 1–300.
    • Panama : Burger, W.C. 1977. Family 52. Moraceae. 40: 94–215. In W.C. Burger (ed.) Fl. Costaricensis, Fieldiana, Bot. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
    • Panama : Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
    • Panama : D'Arcy, W.G. 1987. Flora of Panama. Checklist and Index. Part 1: The introduction and checklist. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 17: v–xxx, 1–328.
    • Nicaragua : Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
    • Mexico : Berendsohn, W.G., A. K. Gruber & J. A. Monterrosa Salomón. 2012. Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae – Familias M a P y Pteridophyta. Englera 29(2): 1–300.
    • Mexico : González Ramírez, J. 2007. Moraceae. In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. 6. B.E. Hammel, M.H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 111: 635–675.
    • Mexico : Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Mexico : Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
    • Mexico : Burger, W.C. 1977. Family 52. Moraceae. 40: 94–215. In W.C. Burger (ed.) Fl. Costaricensis, Fieldiana, Bot. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
    • Mexico : Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
    • Mexico : Breedlove, D.E. 1986. Flora de Chiapas. Listados Floríst. México 4: i–v, 1–246.
    • Mexico : Sousa Sánchez, M. & E. F. Cabrera Cano. 1983. Flora de Quintana Roo. Listados Floríst. México 2: 1–100.
    • Mexico : Cowan, C. P. 1983. Flora de Tabasco. Listados Floríst. México 1: 1–123.
    • Honduras : Berendsohn, W.G., A. K. Gruber & J. A. Monterrosa Salomón. 2012. Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae – Familias M a P y Pteridophyta. Englera 29(2): 1–300.
    • Honduras : Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
    • Honduras : Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118.
  • South America
    • Guyana : Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    • Guyana : Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584.
    • Guyana : González Ramírez, J. 2007. Moraceae. In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. 6. B.E. Hammel, M.H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 111: 635–675.
    • Guyana : Burger, W.C. 1977. Family 52. Moraceae. 40: 94–215. In W.C. Burger (ed.) Fl. Costaricensis, Fieldiana, Bot. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
    • Guyana : Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Guatemala : Berendsohn, W.G., A. K. Gruber & J. A. Monterrosa Salomón. 2012. Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae – Familias M a P y Pteridophyta. Englera 29(2): 1–300.
    • Guatemala : Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
    • Guatemala : Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
  • South America
    • French Guiana : Funk, V. A., P. E. Berry, S. Alexander, T. H. Hollowell & C. L. Kelloff. 2007. Checklist of the Plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55: 1–584.
  • Mesoamerica
    • El Salvador : Berendsohn, W.G., A. K. Gruber & J. A. Monterrosa Salomón. 2012. Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae – Familias M a P y Pteridophyta. Englera 29(2): 1–300.
    • El Salvador : Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
    • El Salvador : Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
  • South America
    • Ecuador : Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    • Ecuador : Dodson, C.H., A.H. Gentry & F.M. Valverde Badillo. 1985. Fl. Jauneche 1–512. Banco Central del Ecuador, Quito.
    • Ecuador : Renner, S. S., H. Balslev & L.B. Holm-Nielsen. 1990. Flowering plants of Amazonian Ecuador–A checklist. AAU Rep. 24: 1–241.
    • Ecuador : Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Costa Rica : Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    • Costa Rica : González Ramírez, J. 2007. Moraceae. In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. 6. B.E. Hammel, M.H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 111: 635–675.
    • Costa Rica : Berg, C. C. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae) with introductions to the family and Ficus and with additions and corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. Fl. Neotrop. 83: iii–iv, 1–346.
    • Costa Rica : Burger, W.C. 1977. Family 52. Moraceae. 40: 94–215. In W.C. Burger (ed.) Fl. Costaricensis, Fieldiana, Bot. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
    • Costa Rica : Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
  • South America
    • Colombia : Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    • Colombia : Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
    • Brazil : Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    • Brazil : González Ramírez, J. 2007. Moraceae. In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. 6. B.E. Hammel, M.H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 111: 635–675.
    • Brazil : Burger, W.C. 1977. Family 52. Moraceae. 40: 94–215. In W.C. Burger (ed.) Fl. Costaricensis, Fieldiana, Bot. Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago.
    • Brazil : Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
    • Bolivia : Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    • Bolivia : González Ramírez, J. 2007. Moraceae. In: Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Vol. 6. B.E. Hammel, M.H. Grayum, C. Herrera & N. Zamora (eds.). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 111: 635–675.
  • Mesoamerica
    • Belize : Berendsohn, W.G., A. K. Gruber & J. A. Monterrosa Salomón. 2012. Nova Silva Cuscatlanica. Árboles nativos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae – Familias M a P y Pteridophyta. Englera 29(2): 1–300.
    • Belize : Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera. 2014. Saururaceae a Zygophyllaceae. 2(3): ined. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez, S. Knapp & F. Chiang Cabrera (eds.) Fl. Mesoamer. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
    • Belize : Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85: i–ix, 1–246.
    • Belize : Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946. Moraceae. In Standley, P.C. & Steyermark, J.A. (Eds), Flora of Guatemala - Pa rt IV. Fieldiana, Bot. 24(4): 10–58.
    • Belize : Berg, C. C. 1972. Olmedieae, Brosimeae (Moraceae). Fl. Neotrop. 7: 1–228.
 
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