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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 1/28/2013)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 1/28/2013)
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 421. 1753.
Synonym Cerastium ne-morum Crantz, Inst. 2:401. 1766. Stellaria nemoralis Salisb. Prodr. 301. 1796. Stellaria cuspidata Willd. ex Schlecht. in Ges. Natur. Freund. Berlin Mag. 7:196. 1816. Stellaria reichenbachii Wierzb. in Reichb. Ic. Fl. Germ. 5:34. 1841. Stellaria baldwini Fenzl, in Linnaea 30:57. 1859-60. Stellaria ciliata p cuspidata (Willd.) Rohrb. in Linnaea 37:278. 1872. Stellaria nemorum var. japonica Franch. & Sav. Enum. PI. Jap. 21:295. 1876. Stellaria montana Pierrat, in Soc. Bot. Roche 2:58. 1880. Stellaria nemorum subsp. glochidosperma Murb. in Act. Univ. Lunds. 27:156. 1892. Stellaria nemorum subsp. montana (Pierrat) Murb. Bot. Notiser 201. 1899. Stellaria nemor-um subsp. montana forma reichenbachii (Wierzb.) Murb. loc. cit. 201. 1899. Stellaria francheti Honda, in Bot. Mag. Tokyo 43:541. 1929. Stellaria limitanea Standl. in Field Mus. Bot. 22:74. 1940.
Description Herbaceous glabrous to pubescent profusely branching perennials, prostrate, spreading or clambering. Leaves opposite, glabrous to viscid-villous, ovate, apically acute to attenuate, basally truncate to cordate, 10-50 mm. long, 5-35 mm. broad, all except the uppermost petiolate, the petioles 5-40 mm. long. Flowers solitary, axillary or terminal, or in terminal few-flowered cymes, the glabrous to villous pedicels 5-45 mm. long, often exceeding the subtending leaves. Sepals 5, lanceolate to ovate, acute to attenuate, glabrous to villous, 4-6 mm. long; petals 5, obovoid, deeply 2-cleft, 6-12 mm. long; stamens 10, the filaments flattened, 3-8 mm. long; ovary sessile, globose to ovoid; styles usually 3, 2-3 mm. long, the numerous ovules campylotropous on basal or free central placentae. Capsule ovoid, 4-7 mm. long, the 3 valves deeply 2-cleft; seeds numerous, ca. 1 mm. broad, cochleate, dark reddish brown, tuberculate, the spines usually broader than long.
Habit Herb
Distribution In the New World, extending from Mexico to Patagonia.
Specimen BOCAS DEL TORO: Robalo trail, northern slopes of Cerro Horqueta, 6000-7000 ft., Allen 4997. CHIRIQUi: Potrero Muleto to summit, Volcain Chiriqui, 3500-4000 m., Woodson & Schery 393.
Note The New World material seems indistinguishable from the Old World material except that seeds tend to be more uniformly tuberculate and leaves do not tend to be so large in New World specimens. Phytogeographically it might seem that New World specimens might at least deserve subspecific rank, but I am unable to detect any constant differentia therein. The non-papillate tubercles on the seeds of Panama representatives more closely resemble those of the European subspecies montana (Pierrat) Murb. than those of the subspecies glochidosperma Murb.
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