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Ephedraceae Dumort. Search in IPNISearch in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Analyse des Familles de Plantes 11, 12. 1829. (Anal. Fam. Pl.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: 1 genus and 42 species distributed in warm temperate America, Asia and Europe. Represented in Pakistan by c. 9 species.
Comment/Acknowledgements: For proper identification of Ephedra, fruiting and flowering material is essential. Many sterile specimens of various taxa look alike. More collecting and study is desirable; the following account is provisional. A few species are the source of the important drug ephedrine.


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Dioecious shrubs. Wood without resin ducts. Leaves opposite, reduced. Male flowers in ± ovoid spikes with usually 2 connate bracts and 1‑3 sporangia. Female flowers 2, enclosed by a membranous 2‑partite or‑fid sheath, surrounded at base by numerous imbricate bracts. Fruit usually red, berry‑like. Seeds 2.

Lower Taxa
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