Home Flora of Panama (WFO)
Name Search
Markup OCR Documents
Iridaceae Juss. Search in IPNISearch in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/28/2012)

Flora Data (Last Modified On 10/28/2012)
Description Perennial herbs from rhizomes, corms, or bulbs; leaves usually basal, frequently cauline as well, mostly narrowly linear to ensiform, sheathing at the base; equitant; flowers perfect, regular or irregular, enclosed in paired conduplicate spathes; perianth petaloid, the lobes subequal or in 2 series, free or more or less fused at the base; stamens 3, opposite the outer perianth lobes; filaments free or partially connate; anthers 2-celled, dehiscing longitudinally; ovary inferior, 3-celled with axile placentae or 1-celled with parietal placentae; style slender, 3-lobed above, sometimes winged or petaloid; fruit a loculicidally dehiscent capsule.
Key a. Style branches opposite the stamens, furnished with petaloid crests; rootstock a short rhizome -1. NEOMARICA aa. Style branches alternate with the stamens, without crests. b. Rootstock a tunicated corm; inner perianth lobes connivent; style branches dilated and somewhat petaloid -2. CIPURA bb. All perianth segments free to the ovary; style branches subulate. c. Rootstock a very short rhizome or virtually lacking; inflorescences simple or loosely fascicled, the flowers obviously pedicellate and the capsules exserted from the spathes -3. SISYRINCHIUM cc. Rootstock a fairly extensive rhizome; inflorescence paniculate, the flowers virtually sessile and the capsules included within the spathes - 4. ORTHROSANTHUS
Note Moraea, Gladiolus, Tigridia, and Tritonia are exotic genera occasionally en- countered in cultivation.
© 2016 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110