Perennials with bulbs or rhizomes. Aerial stem erect. Leaves alternate or apparently opposite, verticillate on the aerial stem, or crowded at the base, sessile or petiolate, usually venetion parallel, rarely reticulate. Inflorescence usually a raceme or cyme or umbelliform or flower solitary. Flowers often bracteate, bisexual, hypogynous, usually actinomorphic. Perianth infundibular or sometimes campanulate or tubular. Tepals 3 + 3, polyphyllous, whorls similar or different. Stamens 3 + 3, filaments free, sometimes epipetalous; anthers tetrasporangiate, linear to globose, dorsifixed, versatile or pseudo-basifixed. Pistil tricarpellary; ovary superior, generally trilocular, axile placentation, ovule anatropous, bitegmic. Style long to rudimentary, stigma trilobate or trifid. Fruit a loculicidal capsule or a berry. Seeds brown or pale, often flat, with or without a marginal wing, endosperm lacking starch.