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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 5/24/2013)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 5/24/2013)
Family CELASTRACEAE
Contributor GABRIEL EDWIN AND DING Hou
Description Trees, shrubs, or lianas. Leaves alternate or opposite, simple; stipules small and caducous. Inflorescences dichasial, less often paniculate, racemose, or borne singly. Flowers bisexual or unisexual; calyx 4- or 5-lobed, mostly imbricate, persistent; petals 4 or 5, usually, imbricate, attached under the margin of the disc; stamens 4 or 5, alternate with the petals, inserted at or under the margin of the disc, anthers 2-celled; disc cup-shaped, or flat and fleshy, lobed or entire; ovary free from or adnate to the disc, 2- to 5-loculed (locules sometimes abort- ing), each 2- or 1-ovuled, occasionally to 8-ovuled, ovules erect or pendulous, style short or lacking, stigmas lobed or blunt. Fruit a capsule, drupe or samara; seeds usually arillate.
Habit Trees, shrubs, or lianas.
Distribution The family includes 53 genera and about 500 species widely distributed in the tropics, but less common in temperate regions.
Reference Brizicky, G. K. The genera of Celastrales in the southeastern United States. Jour. Arnold Arboretum 45: 206-234. 1964. Loesener, T. Celestraceae. In A. Engler & K. Prantl., "Die naturlichen Pflan- zenfamilien." Ed. 2. 20b: 87-197. 1942.
Reference Lundell, C. L. Celastraceae. In "Studies of American plants." Wrightia 4: 178. 1971.
Key a. Plant scandent; ovary free from the disc ...... 1. Celastrus aa. Plant erect; ovary joined to the disc. b. At least some of the flowers bisexual; the ovules erect; leaf apex not emarginate. c. Inflorescences distinctly dichasial, solitary, or fasciculate; fruit an indehis- cent drupe or samara; seeds exarillate. d. Flowers, at least some of them, 4-merous; fruit a drupe ...... 2. Crossopetalum dd. Flowers 5-merous; fruit a samara. e. Leaves opposite ...... 3. Zinowiewia ee. Leaves alternate ...... 4. Wimmeria cc. Inflorescences fasciculate; fruit a dehiscent capsule; seeds arillate ...... 5. Maytenis bb. Flowers all unisexual; the ovules pendulous; leaf apex slightly emarginate...... 6. Gyrninda
 
 
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