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Published In: Analyse des Familles des Plantes 13–14. 1829. (Anal. Fam. Pl.) Name publication detailView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/28/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 11/21/2011)

     Nine genera and about 50 species, mainly in tropical regions of the Old World. Sometimes referred to as CYTINACEAE.

    Literature: Kuijt J., The Biology of Parasitic Flowering Plants, Univ. Calif. Press (1969).


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Herbs, mostly with a thalloid or mycelium-like body, parasitic on lowermost branches or roots of other plants. Leaves scale-like. Flowers unisexual, rarely hermaphrodite, solitary or in spike-like heads. Perianth simple, petaloid, fleshy, with 4-10 segments connate at base. Stamens 8 to many; anthers sessile, 2-celled. Ovary inferior to half-inferior, 4-8-carpelled, 1-celled, with parietal placentae and many ovules; style 1 or 0; stigma discoid, capitate or lobed. Fruit baccate. Seeds many, minute, with endosperm and indistinct embryo.

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