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Published In: Annales du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle 12: 292. 1808. (Ann. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/27/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 9/2/2015)
Area distribution:

 About 70 genera (excluding Viscum) and over 900 species, mainly in tropical regions.


   Represented in the Flora Palaestina by a single species, Plicosepalus acaciae (= Loranthus acaciae).

Literature: Wiens D. & Polhill R., Ethiopian mistelotoes: new species and combinations Nordic Jour. Bot. 5: 221-224 (1985). Kuijt J. & Hansen B. (eds.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants vol. 12, Flowering Plants: Eudicots, Santalales, Balanophorales (2015).


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Green, shrubby plants with adventitious haustorial roots, hemiparasitic on trees and shrubs, sometimes on themselves (self-parasitism). Leaves mostly opposite, often thick; stipules 0. Bracts anti-bracteoles, small, scale-like, sometimes rudimentary. Flowers usually hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, single or in cymes or fascicles. Perianth simple or double, petaloid or sepaloid. Calyx more or less tubular, with short 3-4 teeth. Petals 3-8, free or united, volute, often red (bird-pollinated) or yellow. Stamens as many as perianth lobes, opposite and adnate to them, with 1 to many pollen sacs. Ovary inferior, adnate to tube of perianth, 1-celled, with 1 ovule and with integinent not differentiated from placenta; stigma simple, sessile or borne on a filiform style. Fruit usually drupe- or berry-like, sticky (bird-dispersed). Seed solitary, without testa (integuments) and with copious endosperm, adherent to the pericarp; embryo 1 or many. Chromosomes relatively very large, forming translocation rings.



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