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Published In: Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae 305. 1810. (27 Mar 1810) (Prodr.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/27/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 9/2/2015)
Area distribution:

About 35 genera and 400 species, mainly tropical.



     Literature: Pilger R., Santalaceae, in: Engler u. Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 16b: 52-91 (1935). Kuijt J., The Biology of Parasitic Flowering Plants (1969).  Kuijt J. & Hansen B. (eds.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants vol. 12, Flowering Plants: Eudicots, Santalales, Balanophorales (2015). Su H-J. & al., Phylogenetic relationships of Santalales with insight into the origins of holoparasitic Balanophoraceae, Taxon 64: 491-506 (2015).


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Hemiparasitic herbs, shrubs or trees. Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, entire, exstipulate. Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual. Perianth simple, sepaloid or petaloid, of 3-6 segments volute in bud. Stamens 3-6, opposite tepals; filaments inserted at base of perianth. Ovary inferior, 1-celled, containing 1-4 pendulous ovules; style 1; stigma capitate or lobed. Fruit 1-seeded, indehiscent, nut-like or drupe-like. Seed solitary, with copious endosperm and small embryo.



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