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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/8/2013)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 3/8/2013)
Family ELAEOCARPACEAE
Contributor C. EARLE SMITH, JR.
Description Trees or shrubs. Leaves alternate or opposite, simple, stipulate (at least in bud). Inflorescences generally axillary, rarely terminal, racemose, paniculate or reduced to a single flower. Flowers regular, perfect (rarely unisexual through abor- tion), 4- to 5-merous; sepals free or connate, valvate; petals free, rarely basally connate, sometimes incised or hairy, sometimes lacking; stamens numerous, usually free, borne on a fleshy receptacle, in the genus Aristotelia united into an andro- gynophore; anthers 2-celled, dehiscing longitudinally or by terminal pores, often surmounted by an awn; ovary superior, 2- to oc-loculed (rarely 1-loculed), the ovules 2-oc in each locule, anatropous, hanging; style entire or divided into as many lobes as there are locules in the ovary, or stigma sessile and sublobate. Fruit capsular, septicidally or loculicidally dehiscent, the locules oc-seeded or, by abor- tion, 1-seeded, or fruit baccate or drupaceous; seeds naked or frequently arillate, the embryo straight, the endosperm copious.
Habit Trees shrubs
Note Separated from the Tiliaceae primarily on the basis of the lack of mucilaginous ducts and canals.
Distribution This family of nine genera and 150 or more species is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Included are a few cold-tolerant species whose ranges extend into the warm-temperate zone.
Note None are of more than local economic importance for lumber and only one or two species of Aristotelia, Crinodendron and Elaeocarpus have been planted as ornamentals. The Panama- nian representatives of the Elaeocarpaceae are all forest trees of the genus Sloanea which occur only sporadically through the rainforest, except Muntingia calabura which may be shrubby.
Key a. Fruit capsular; flowers apetalous ............................ 1. SLOANEA aa. Fruit baccate; flowers petaliferous ............................ 2. MUNTINGIA
 
 
 
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