Home Flora of Pakistan
Home
Name Search
Families
Genera
Species
District Map
Grid Map
Inventory Project
!Caryophyllaceae Juss. Search in IPNISearch in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Genera Plantarum 299. 1789. (4 Aug 1789) (Gen. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: SHAHINA A. GHAZANFAR & YASIN J. NASIR

By S.A. Ghazanfar. Genera Minuartia and Silene revised by Y. J. Nasir

Contributor Institution: National Herbarium, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad.
General/Distribution: A large family of 70 genera and about 1750 species, cosmopolitan. Represented in Pakistan by 26 genera and 110 species, distributed more or less through-out the country. Except for a few species, the family is of no economic value: Some species are cultivated in gardens.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Acknowledgements: We are grateful to the following Directors/Curators of Herbaria for the loan of herbarium specimens: BM, E, G, K, KUH, M, PPFI-B, W. Than are also due to Mr. I.C. Hedge of Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh for going through the manuscript and giving valuable suggestions. Dr. J.A. Ratter. Royal Botanic Garden; Edinburgh for information concerning the genera Spergula and Spergularia And Dr. C.E. Jarvis (BM, NH), London, for typication of Linnaean taxa.

The financial assistance provided by the U.S. & Department of Agriculture under PL-480 with coordination by Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad is gratefully acknowledged,


 

Export To PDF Export To Word
Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, often woody. Leaves simple, entire, usually opposite, less commonly alternate or whorled; stipulate or exstipulate. Flowers actinomorphic, usually hermaphrodite or sometimes unisexual or the plant gynodioecious. Inflorescence simple or compound cymes or flowers solitary. Sepals 4-5 or absent, free or united, entire or lobed (bilobed or fimbriate), often with a limb and a claw. Coronal scales (ligules) present or absent. Stamens (0-)3-10, free, rarely adnate to the sepals. Ovary superior, 1-2-5-Jocular. Placentation free-central. Ovary, stamens and petals sometimes borne on a carpophore. Styles 2-5. Fruit a capsule dehiscing by as many or twice the number of valves or teeth as there are styles or berrylike and indehisceut. Seeds 1-many, globose to pyriform or reniform, with smooth or variously sculptured face, the back sometimes caniculate or winged.
 

Export To PDF Export To Word Export To SDD
Switch to indented key format
1 Sepals free, slightly united in Pseudostellaria (2)
+ Sepals united, at least at the base (17)
2 (1) Leaves alternate 16 Telephium
+ Leaves opposite or spuriously whorled (3)
3 (2) Leaves stipulate (5)
+ Leaves exstipulate (4)
4 (3) Leaves densely imbricate. Plants forming dense, compact cushions (found above 4400m) 1 Thylacospermum
+ Leaves not imbricate. Plants not as above (8)
5 (3) Stipules connate at the nodes 13 Spergularia
+ Stipules free (6)
6 (5) Sepals keeled 15 Polycarpon
+ Sepals not keeled (7)
7 (6) Axillary leaf fascicles present. Stamens 5-10. Seeds keeled or winged 12 Spergula
+ Axillary leaf fascicles absent. Stamens 5. Seeds neither keeled nor winged 14 Polycarpaea
8 (4) Sepals 4, unequal. Leaves closely adpressed to the stem 11 Bufonia
+ Sepals 5(-4), equal. Leaves not as above (9)
9 (8) Flowers in umbels 7 Holosteum
+ Flowers solitary or in cymes (10)
10 (9) Capsule cylindric, dehiscing by small teeth, often reflexed or revolute 8 Cerastium
+ Capsule globose to ovoid, dehiscing by valves or teeth which are neither reflexed nevolute (11)
11 (10) Styles 4-5 (12)
+ Styles 2-3 (13)
12 (11) Leaves lanceolate to spathulate. Styles 5. Capsule dehiscing by 5 bidentate teeth 9 Myosoton
+ Leaves linear. Styles 4-5. Capsule splitting by 4-5 valves 10 Sagina
13 (11) Capsule membranous, splitting almost to the base by 2(-4) valves 4 Lepyrodiclis
+ Capsule not membranous, dehiscing by more than 2 valves or teeth (14)
14 (13) Capsule dehiscing by as many valves as styles (3) 3 Minuartia
+ Capsule dehiscing by twice as many teeth or valves as styles (15)
15 (14) Capsule teeth short, 6 in number 2 Arenaria
+ Capsule teeth usually ½ the capsule length, 4-6 in number (16)
16 (15) Tubers absent. Only chasmogamic flowers present. Sepals free 5 Stellaria
+ Napiform tubers present on the rhizome. Cleistogamic and chasmogamic flowers present. Sepals slightly united at the base 6 Pseudostellaria
17 (1) Fruit a berry, indehiscent 19 Cucubalus
+ Fruit a capsule dehiscent (18)
18 (17) Styles 2. Carpophore usually absent (19)
+ Styles 3-5. Carpophore usually present (25)
19 (18) Bracteoles present, adpressed to calyx 25 Dianthus
+ Bracteoles absent (20)
20 (19) Calyx with 5 broad wings 23 Vaccaria
+ Calyx without wings (21)
21 (20) Leaves acerose, often with a spiny apex. Bract spiny. Calyx often spiny tipped 22 Acanthophyllum
+ Leaves, bract and calyx not as above (22)
22 (21) Calyx ribs with hyaline intervals between them. Capsule dehiscing by valves (23)
+ Calyx ribs without hyaline intervals between then. Capsule dehiscing by teeth (24)
23 (22) Seeds peltate without facial hilum. Calyx without druses 24 Petrorhagia
+ Seeds reniform to comma shaped with lateral hilum. Calyx mostly with druses 20 Gypsophila
24 (22) Calyx long, narrowly cylindrical. Stems rigid, with dichotomous branches 26 Velezia
+ Calyx campanulate or cylindrical, never long and narrow. Stems not branching as above (25)
25 (18) Styles 2. Capsule dehiscing by 4 valves or teeth 21 Saponaria
+ Styles 3-5. Capsule dehiscing by teeth, 5 or twice the number of styles (26)
26 (25) Styles 3(-5). Capsule dehiscing by 6(-10) teeth. Carpophore prominent 18 Silene
+ Styles 5. Capsule dehiscing by 10 teeth. Carpophore very reduced 17 Lychnis
 
 
© 2014 Missouri Botanical Garden - 4344 Shaw Boulevard - Saint Louis, Missouri 63110