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Published In: Tekhno-Botanicheskīĭ Slovar': na latinskom i rossīĭskom iazykakh. Sanktpeterburgie 15. 1820. (3 Aug 1820) (Tekhno-Bot. Slovar.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/11/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 10/11/2011)

     Over 120 genera and about 2400 species. Chiefly in S. Africa but also in some other warm regions, of both the western and eastern hemispheres.

     Literature: Pax F. u. Hoffmann K., Aizoaceae, in: Engler und Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. ed. 2, 16c: 179-233 (1934).


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Herbs or rarely low shrubs. Leaves opposite, sometimes alternate, rarely whorled, scale-like or succulent, exstipulate, rarely stipulate. Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary or crowded, actinomorphic. Perianth simple, sometimes double with sepals and petals (petaloid staminodes). Calyx tubular or campanulate, often fleshy; sepals 3-5, united or free. Petals (when present) usually numerous. Stamens 3-5 to many, inserted on calyx tube, alternating with sepals. Ovary usually superior, sometimes inferior, 3-5-carpelled, 2- or more-celled, with 1-5 styles and stigmas as many as cells, each cell 1-to many-ovuled; ovules campylotropous or anatropous. Fruit a dry or berry-like, many-seeded capsule. Embryo curved or annular, surrounding the endosperm.



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