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Phytolaccaceae R. Br. Search in IPNISearch in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Decrease font Increase font Restore font

Published In: Narrative of an Expedition to Explore the River Zaire 454. 1818. (5 Mar 1818) (Narr. Exped. Zaire) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/11/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 12/5/2011)

     Eighteen genera and 65 species mainly in Trop. America. Only Phytolacca is found in the Flora Palaestina.


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Herbs, shrubs or trees - or rarely woody vines, with alternate, simple, entire leaves; stipules minute or O. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemose or cymose, mostly bracteate. Flowers small, hermaphrodite or unisexual (and then plants monoecious), mostly actinomorphic. Calyx of 4-5 free or somewhat connate sepals. Petals O. Stamens 3 to many or of same number as sepals, often inserted on a hypogynous disk; filaments free or connate at base; staminodes sometimes petaloid. Gynoecium apocarpous or syncarpous, made of 2 to many carpels; ovary superior, rarely inferior; style 1 or O; stigmas as many as carpels, usually linear to filiform. Fruit a berry, drupe, schizocarp, utricle or achene. Seeds often arillate with copious endosperm surrounded by the embryo.


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