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Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 409. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 7/9/2012)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project data     (Last Modified On 9/16/2015)
Area distribution:

About 300 species, in Asia, Europe, Africa and America; especially rich in species are the Mediterranean and Irano-Turanian regions.


Many species (and hybrids) are useful plants, as colorful, odoriferous ornamentals and as source of scented oil. The commonly cultivated species (e.g. D. caryophyllus, D. barbatus) are not directly related to our local species.    

Literature: Williams F.N., A monograph of the genus Dianthus L. Journ. Linn. Soc. Lund. Bot. 29: 346-478 (1893). Rohweder H., Beitrage zur Systematik u. Phylogenie. d. Genus Dianthus, unter besonderer Beriicksichtigung der karyologischen Verhaltnisse. Bot. Jahrb. 66: 219-368 (1934). Lemperg F., Studies in the perennial species of the genus Dianthus L. I. (Sektion Barbulatum). Meddel. Goteborgs Bot. Triidg. 11: 71-134 (1936). Weissmann-Kollmann F., Taxonomic study in Dianthus, etc. Israel Journ. Bot. 14: 141-170 (1966).

Dianthus micranthus Boiss. & Heldr. is endemic to Lebanon, Syria and Turkey. It grows on Mt. Hermon.


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Perennial herbs or dwarf-shrubs, rarely annuals. Stems mostly thickened at nodes. Leaves oppoite, grass-like. Flowers conspicuous, hermaphrodite or rarely unisexual, solitary or in cymose, terminal inflorescences. Calyx subtended by an epicalyx of 1 to many pairs of mucronate or awned scales (bracts); tube cylindrical to conical; teeth 5, usually short. Petals 5, pink or red, sometimes white, rarely yellow, long-clawed; limb entire, dentate or fringed, hairy or glabrous at base, without coronal scales. Stamens 10. Ovary 1-celled; styles.2. Capsule many-Seeded, cylindrical to ovoid, dehiscing by 4 teeth. Seeds many, compressed, discoid, concave on one side; embryo straight, eccentric.



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