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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/28/2012)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 10/28/2012)
Genus GYMNOSIPHON Bl.
PlaceOfPublication Enum. PI. Jav. 1:29. 1827.
Synonym Cymbocarpa Miers in Proc. Linn. Soc. 1:61. 1840. Ptychomeria Benth. in Hook. Jour. Bot. 7:14. 1855. Benitzia Karst. in Linnaea 28:420. 1856.
Description Annual, erect, saprophytic herbs; stem simple or branched, 3- to many- flowered, mostly bearing a terminal, double cincinnus; leaves sessile, small, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, scale-like; flowers sessile or shortly pedicellate; perianth con- sisting of a tubular part and a 6-lobed limb, the outer lobes ovate, much larger than the inner; stamens 3, inserted below the inner perianth lobes; anthers sessile, the connective rather broad, exappendiculate or mucronulate, the thecae bursting with a median, horizontal slit; ovary ovoid or nearly globose; placentas 3, parietal, each bearing at both sides of the top a large, globose gland; ovules many, small, the funicles shorter than the ovules; style reaching the insertion of the stamens and branching into 3 short branches, each bearing a stigma which is often ap- pendiculate; perianth limb deciduous below the insertion of the stamens after flowering, the upper part of the style also deciduous with the stamens; perianth tube persistent on the capsule; capsule dehiscing at the top in the Asiatic species, or irregularly in longitudinal direction with 3 clefts between the placentas in the American and African species.
Key a. Flowers 8-12 mm. long; inflorescence usually 3- to 17-flowered; stem robust; anther-connective 2-lobed at the top -1. G. SUAVEOLENS aa. Flowers usually smaller; inflorescence 1- to 5-flowered; stem slender; anther-connective entire -2. G. PANAMENSIS
 
 
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