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Allium L. Search in The Plant ListSearch in IPNISearch in Australian Plant Name IndexSearch in Index Nominum Genericorum (ING)Search in NYBG Virtual HerbariumSearch in JSTOR Plant ScienceSearch in SEINetSearch in African Plants Database at Geneva Botanical Garden Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 294. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
General/Distribution: A large genus with about 600 species; represented in Pakistan by about 41 species.

 

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Bulbs solitary or clustered. Leaves sheathing, sometimes well above the ground level, fistular or not fistular. Tepals 1-nerved, white to greenish-white, yellow, violet, pink to reddish-purple or blue coloured. Stamens included or exserted; filaments entire, toothed or cuspidate; anthers elliptic to oblong, dorsifixed. Seeds 6 or more; testa black.
 

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1 Bulbs with a narrow, more or less cylindrical distinct rhizome (23)
+ Bulbs broadly ovoid to subglobose, without a distinct rhizome (2)
2 (1) Outer bulb coats distinctly reticulately fibrous (3)
+ Outer bulb coats scaly, papery or coriaceous, with to pinkish or grey to brownish (6)
3 (2) Scape more than 10 cm long. Leaves neither circinate nor flexuous (4)
+ Scape 4-10 cm long. leaves circinate or flexuous Allium stocksianum
4 (3) Leaves fistular, glabrous to scabrid (5)
+ Leaves not fistular, pilose Allium longicollum
5 (4) Leaves 2-3, filiform, semicylindric, shorter than the plants. Tepals white with greenish veins Allium filidens
+ Leaves 3-8, filiform to linear, 1-2 mm broad, up to as long as the plants. Tepals white to rose coloured, veins rose-purple Allium borszczowii
6 (2) Bulb coats scaly or papery (7)
+ Bulb outer coats coriaceous, striate or with parallel to reticulate veins (15)
7 (6) Stamens longer than tepals (8)
+ Stamens as long as or shorter than tepals (9)
8 (7) Bulb 3-4 cm broad. Leaves 6-12, 1-2 cm broad. Inner filaments 3-cuspidate Allium porrum
+ Bulb c. 1 cm broad. Leaves 2, 1.5-3 mm broad Inner filaments (3-) 5-cuspidate Allium micranthum
9 (7) Flowers white. Leaves flate, keeled, not fistular. plants cultivated (10)
+ Flowers rose coloured to purple or violet. Leaves fistular or not fistular (11)
10 (9) Bulbs round without scaly bulbils. Filaments entire Allium neapolitanum
+ Bulbs with 6-10 large scaly bulbils. Inner filaments toothed Allium sativum
11 (9) Leaves up to 1 cm broad. Scape less than 50 cm long (12)
+ Leaves 1-5 cm broad. Scape c. 1 m long (14)
12 (11) Leaves linear, 2-9 mm broad (13)
+ Leaves filiform, less than 2 mm broad Allium caesioides
13 (12) Tepals 8-11 mm long, ovate. Filaments triangular, about half the length of the tepals Allium oreophilum
+ Tepals 4-6 mm long, lanceolate. Filaments about 3/4 the length of the tepals Allium chitralicum
14 (11) Leaves glabrous Allium rosenbachianum
+ Leaves, especially below in the lower part, pilose Allium stipitatum
15 (6) Leaves up to 5 mm broad. stamen filaments included (16)
+ Leaves 1-3 cm broad. Stamen filaments exserted (22)
16 (15) Pedicels 0.5-3 mm long. Umbels many flowered. filaments entire (17)
+ Pedicels 3-4 cm long. Umbels few flowered. Inner filaments more or less distinctly 2-toothed; teeth short, rounded Allium gillii
17 (16) Filaments less than half the length of tepals (18)
+ Filaments about 3/4 the length of tepals (19)
18 (17) About 2/3 of the filaments united, upper parts free. Inner tepals gibbous at the base. Umbel without bulbils Allium griffithianum
+ About 1/4 of the filaments united at the base, upper 3/4 of the filaments free. Inner tepals not gibbous at the base. Umbel usually with bulbils Allium umbilicatum
19 (17) Tepals 3-6 mm long, acute or obtuse. Leaf sheaths not winged (20)
+ Tepals about 1 cm long, obtuse. Leaf sheaths 3- winged Allium tripterum
20 (19) Tepals 3-5 mm long, white or rose, acute or obtuse. Inner filaments triangular
+ Tepals 5-6 mm long, white, veins reddish, acute. Inner filaments broadly ovate Allium lamondiae
21 Tepals pink coloured, acute. Leaf sheaths glabrous 24 Allium jacquemontii
+ Tepals white to pinkish, obtuse. Leaf sheaths pubescent Allium miserabile
22 (15) Scape c. 1 m long. Pedicels up to 3 cm long. Tepals 5-6 mm long Allium macleanii
+ Scape 10-20 cm long, stout. Pedicels 3-9 cm long, Vary unequal. Tepals 7-8 mm long Allium caspium
23 (1) bulbs with membranous, scaly or coriaceous, Striate coats (24)
+ Bulbs with distinct fibrous, reticulate coats (31)
24 (23) Filaments shorter than tepals (25)
+ Filaments as long as or longer than tepals (26)
25 (24) Tepals yellow. Inner filaments slightly obtusely toothed, connate for more than half their lengths Allium fedtschenkoanum
+ Tepals pink. All filaments entire, connate for 1/3 to 1/4 of their length Allium schoenoprasum
26 (24) Tepals white or greenish-white (27)
+ Tepals cream coloured to golden-yellow or rose coloured to reddish (28)
27 (26) Scape fistular, inflated in the middle. Tepals greenish-white. Cultivated Allium cepa
+ Scape neither fistular nor inflated. Tepals white Allium farctum
28 (26) Bulb coasts coriaceous, brown. All filaments entire (29)
+ Bulb coats membranous, reddish-brown. Inner filaments 2-toothed at the base Allium roylei
29 (28) Leaves linear to lanceolate, 2-15 mm broad, apex obtuse (30)
+ Leaves filiform, up to 1 mm broad, apex acute Allium filifolium
30 (29) Tepals yellow, sometimes pink. Leaves 3-5, linear, 2-3 mm broad Allium consanguineum
+ Tepals rose coloured. Leaves 5-6, broadly linear, falcate, 5-15 mm broad Allium carolinianum
31 (23) Filaments exserted (40)
+ Filaments as long as or shorter than tepals (32)
32 (31) Leaves less than 1 cm broad (33)
+ Leaves 1-2 cm broad Allium gilgiticum
33 (32) Filaments shorter than tepals. Style included (34)
+ Filaments as long as tepals. Style exserted Allium dolichostylum
34 (33) Tepals white to pink or purple to dark purple, oblong, elliptic to ovate or lanceolate, 5 or more mm long. Filaments narrow to broad, entire or toothed (35)
+ Tepals whit, 4-5 mm long, oblong Inner filaments broad, each with an unilateral tooth Allium baluchistanicum
35 (34) Tepals acute to acuminate or mucronate (36)
+ Tepals acute to obtuse. Filaments up to 1/2 the length of tepals (38)
36 (35) Tepals pink 5-8 mm long, oblong to lanceolate. Filaments 1/2 to 2/3 the length of tepals. Inner filaments broadly triangular to oblong (37)
+ Tepals white, rarely pink, 6-10 mm long, elliptic. Filaments c. 2/4 the length of tepals. Inner filaments narrowly triangular Allium tuberosum
37 (36) Tepals c. 8 mm long, acuminate. Inner filaments broadly triangular Allium barszczewskii
+ Tepals 5-6 mm long, apex with a recurved mucro. Inner filaments broadly flattened to oblong Allium oreoprasum
38 (35) Tepals dark purple, 6-7 mm long, obtuse to acute. filaments triangular (39)
+ Tepals white, 7-10 mm long, obtuse. Filaments linear to narrowly triangular Allium humile
39 (38) Filaments less than half the length of tepals; anthers not mucronate. Leaves cylindrical, fistular, 1-3 mm broad, obtuse Allium atrosanguineum
+ Filaments c. half the length of tepals; anthers mucronate leaves filiform, convolute, acute Allium tenuicaule
40 (31) Bulb reddish. Tepals pink to purple, c. 6 mm long, oblong to lanceolate. Leaves linear, c. 1 mm broad
+ Bulb brownish. Tepals white to yellowish-white, c. 5 mm long, oblong. Leaves broadly lanceolate to oval Allium victorialis
 

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