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Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/30/2013)
 

Flora Data (Last Modified On 9/30/2013)
Genus SOPHORA L.
Contributor Michael 0. Dillon
PlaceOfPublication Sp. P1. 373. 1753
Note LECTOTYPE: S. alo- pecuroides L. (designated by Britton & Brown, 1913).
Description Trees, shrubs, or rarely perennial herbs. Leaves alternate, imparipinnate; leaf- lets alternate to subopposite; stipules linear to deltoid, caducous or absent; stipels linear, minute or absent. Inflorescence racemose or paniculate, terminal or ax- illary. Flowers ca. 1.0-4.5 cm long; calyx campanulate, often gibbous, the lobes 5, subequal or truncate, the upper lobes often connate; corolla white, yellow or blue violet, the standard broadly obovate or orbicular, erect or spreading, the wings oblong, oblique, the keel oblong, usually partially connate or overlapping; stamens 10, free or rarely connate basely into a ring, alternately subequal, the anthers versatile, ellipsoid, dorsifixed, ca. 1 mm long; ovary short stipitate, the ovules numerous, the style incurved, the stigma terminal, minutely capitate-pen- icillate. Fruit moniliform, terete or slightly compressed, somewhat tortulose, fleshy to woody, commonly indehiscent; seeds spherical or subellipsoid, red, yellow or brown, the hilum lateral or subapical; cotyledons thick. Chromosomes: n = 8, 9, 11, 14, 18.
Habit Trees, shrubs, or rarely perennial herbs.
Note Sophora contains about 80 species
Distribution a worldwide distribution in tropical and temperate regions.
Note Only one species, Sophora tomentosa, is found in Central America south of Mexico. This geographically widespread and morphologically variable taxon has been separated into four subspecies by recent authors (Brum- mitt & Gillett, 1966; Yakovlev, 1964), with the Panamanian material referable to subspecies occidentalis.
Reference Britton, N. L. & A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States., ed. 2, 2: 342. Brummitt, R. K. & J. B. Gillett. 1966. Notes on the genus Sophora in Africa, including an Asian species found near Zimbabwe. Kirkia 5: 259-270. Yakovlev, G. P. 1964. Novaiia systema roda Sophora L. i ego filogenez. Trudy Leningrad Khim.-farm. Inst. 17: 50-77.
 
 
 
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