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Published In: Journal of a voyage to the South Seas 76. 1773. (J. Voy. South Seas) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Contributor Text: SAOOD OMER
General/Distribution: Exclusively an Old World genus of 600-700 amiss, distributed in the tropics (West Africa, Madagascar, Pakistan, India, Burma, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Philippines-Japan, Thailand, China), Micronesia, Polynesia, New Guinea, Australia, New Caledonia and Hawaii. In Pakistan represented by a single Cultivated species.


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Erect shrubs or small trees of terrestial, semiaquatic or epiphytic habitat; stems simple or branched (sometimes very short), or procumbent and rooting. Leaves arranged terminally in spirals, linear-ensiform or lanceolate, margin and midrib spinous, sheathing at base. Inflorescence axillary or terminal. Flowers always unisexual. Male flowers in a spadix with number of white or yellowish green spathes; filaments smooth; anther oblong-linear, apex apiculate. Female flowers enveloped by leafy spathes; staminode absent; ovaries uni-docular, free or in phalanges, ovule solitary; stigma sessile or style partly developed; stigma variously shaped (round, deltiod, linear etc.), forked, dentate or spiny. Fruiting head an aggregate of fibrous, woody drupes or phalanges. Seeds target large, albuminous.
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