Ecology: Open upper montane to páramo; often in boggy sites, on soil and humus. Rather frequent, at elevations from 2350-4000 m (Venezuela: 2450-3400 m, Colombia: 2800-3800 m, Ecuador: 2350-3950 m, Peru: 3900 m, Bolivia: 2600-4000 m). Distribution: Tropical Andes, and southeast Brazil.
Campylopus dicnemoides is readily distinguished in the field by the imbricate leaves and cucullate apices; additional characters include the rather narrow, often spurred costa, and well developed reddish alar cells. Campylopus cucullatifolius Herzog has been the most common name applied to this taxon.