Ecology: Upper open, montane to páramo and humid puna; on soil, in part associated with waterfalls. Elevation: 2900-3700 m (Colombia: 2900 m, Ecuador: 3700 m, Bolivia: 3250 m). United States(Florida?), Mexico, Colombia to Bolivia.
Bryum microchaeton is characterized by the triangular-lanceolate leaves, long acuminate apex, revolute to reflexed leaf margin nearly the entire length, somewhat long excurrent costa, weakly so rather strongly differentiated border of narrow, linear cells, and gradually differentiated subrectangular basal cells. The capsules of this species are obloid with a gradually long tapering neck. According to Ochi (1980) this species belong to the B. alpinum group.
Specimens: COLOMBIA. Cundinamarca: Aug 1863, Lindig s.n. (BM), Weir 200 (BM, NY). BOLIVIA. La Paz: Lewis 79-1622A (LPB, MO).