1. Drummondia sinensis Müll. Hal. 中华木衣藓 zhong hua mu yi xian
Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 3: 105. 1896. Type: China. Shaanxi, Si-ku-tziu-san, July 1894, Giraldi s.n.
Drummondia cavaleriei Thér., Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 18: 252. 1908.
Drummondia duthiei Mitt. ex Müll. Hal., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., n.s., 3: 106. 1896.
Drummondia thomsonii var. tapintzensis Besch., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 7, 15: 57. 1892.
Plants dark green to olive-green, in compact mats. Stems creeping, up to 14 cm long, with numerous erect and forked branches, 0.5–1.5 cm tall. Stem leaves more or less imbricate, irregularly curly, somewhat twisted when dry, spreading when moist, ovate-lanceolate, 1.5–2.0 mm long, gradually acuminate at the apex; branch leaves erect, appressed or slightly twisted when dry, spreading when moist, oblong- to lingulate-lanceolate, 1.5–2.5 mm long, canaliculate or carinate, obtusely acuminate, sometimes acuminate-mucronate or acute at the apex; margins plane, entire, usually bistratose at the apex; costae ending near the apex; leaf cells rounded to rounded-quadrate, 6–13 µm wide, smooth, thick-walled, nearly uniform throughout. Dioicous. Perichaetial leaves oblong or oblong-ovate, 1.4–2.8 mm long, acute at the apex; basal cells rectangular, extending 1/2 of the leaf length. Setae 4.0–8.7 mm long; capsules 1.4–2.1 mm long, narrowly oblong to oblong-ovoid, smooth when old, wrinkled when old, brown; exothecial cells lax, thick-walled, irregularly hexagonal, 30–60 µm long; annuli with 2–4 rows of subquadrate, colored cells; stomata numerous, in the neck of capsules; peristome single, with 16 truncate teeth, smooth, ca. 5–7 cells high, usually forming a low membrane-like structure. Calyptrae cucullate, smooth, large. Spores spherical, 50–70 µm in diameter, or rectangular, 45–84 µm × 30–50 µm, multicellular, papillose.