Ecology: Open lowland to premontane; exposed, often disturbed area, including burnt sites, on soil, logs and rocks. Elevation: 25-2580 m (Venezuela: 185 m, Colombia: 25-1400 m, Ecuador: 245-345 m, Peru: 750-1000 m, Bolivia: 390-2580 m). Distribution: Pantropical, extending into north- andsouth-temperate regions.
Bryum coronatum is best distinguished by the dark red capsules and enlarged and wrinkled neck (broader than the urn); other features include the ovate- or oblong-lanceolate leaves (1.5-3 mm long) with a long excurrent costa, absent border, firm to thin-walled laminal cells, basal cells mostly short rectangular. Bryum dichotomum is similar, but differs in the usually shorter leaves (to 1.5), short excurrent costa, basal cells quadrate or subquadrate, and the capsule neck slightly inflated but not wrinkled when dry.
Specimens: COLOMBIA. Caquetá: Churchill & Betancur 16946 (HUA, MO, NY); Chocó: Churchill et al. 18554 (HUA, MO, NY); Nariño: Ramírez P. et al. 8092 (MO, PSO). PERU. Hunuco: Simpson Br-176 (MO). BOLIVIA. Chuquisaca: Lozano & Flores 2773A (HSB, MO, USZ); Santa Cruz: Fuentes 96-B (MO, USZ).