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Published In: The Bryologist 51: 98. 1948. (Bryologist) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 10/10/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 10/1/2017)
Plant Category: Mosses
country distribution: Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia
EcoRegions: Montane Forest
elevation: 1000-1500, 1500-2000, 2000-2500, 2500-3000, 3000-3500, 3500-4000
substrate: treelets and trees
frequency: infrequent

Notes     (Last Modified On 10/1/2017)

Ecology: Montane forest, probably extending into the shrubby páramo; on trunk and branches of trees, rarely on logs. Elevation: 1230-3692 m (Venezuela: 1230-1950 m, Colombia: 2100-3000 m, Ecuador: 1850-3385 m, Peru: 1846-3692 m, Bolivia: 1900-2600 m). Distribution: United States.(Florida), Central America (Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama), West Indies, Colombia and Venezuela to Peru, southeast Brazil.
Ecología: Bosques montanos; sobre tronco y ramas de árboles, raramente sobre leños. Elevación: 1230-3692 m (Venezuela: 1230-1950 m, Colombia: 2100-3000 m, Ecuador: 1850-3385 m, Perú: 1846-3692 m, Bolivia: 1900-2600 m). Distribución: Estados Unidos (Florida), Centroamérica (Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panamá), Indias Occidentales, Colombia y Venezuela hasta Perú y sudeste de Brasil.
Brachymenium speciosum is one of the largest species in the tropical Andes. Stems to 30 mm long, typically branched by subfloral innovations, leaves oblong-lanceolate to oblong, 3-4.5 mm long, apex long acuminate, margins plane above, usually reflexed below, serrulate above, costa length variable, even on the same plant, ending well below the apex to long excurrent and toothed, bordered with 2-3 elongate and thick-walled cells, laminal cells thin-walled, basal cells rectangular, seta ca. 30, but variable also, 20-35 mm long, urn notably elongate, obloid-cylindrical, and operculum distinctly long-beaked. The species was assigned by Ochi (1980) to section Peromnium. Synonyms include Brachymenium daguense (Besch.) Paris, B. sordidissimum (Müll. Hal.) Paris, and Weissia jamesonii Taylor.
Brachymenium speciosum es una de las mayores especies en los Andes tropicales. Tallos de hasta 30 mm de largo, típicamente ramificados por brotes subflorales de innovación, hojas oblongo-lanceoladas a oblongas, 3-4.5 mm de largo, ápices largo-acuminados, márgenes planos en la porción distal, generalmente reflexos hacia la base, serrulados distalmente, longitud de la costa variable, incluso en la misma planta, terminando bien abajo del ápice hasta largo-excurrente y dentada, bordeada por 2-3 células alargadas y con paredes gruesas, células de la lámina con paredes delgadas, células basales rectangulares, seta ca. 30 mm, pero también variable, 20-35 mm de largo, urna particularmente alargada, obloide-cilíndrica y opérculo conspicuamente largo-rostrado. La especie fue transferida por Ochi (1980) a la sección Peromnium.



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