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Published In: Bericht über die Thätigkeit der St. Gallischen Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft 1869–70: 248. 1870. (Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges.) Name publication detail

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 9/27/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 10/1/2017)
Plant Category: Mosses
country distribution: Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia
EcoRegions: Páramo, Puna
elevation: 3000-3500, 3500-4000, 4000-4500, 4500-5000
substrate: rocks
frequency: infrequent

Notes     (Last Modified On 10/1/2017)

Ecology: Páramo and puna; on rocks in streams. Elevation: 3040-5000 m (Colombia: 3040-3750 m, Ecuador: 3385-4100 m, Bolivia: 3700-5000 m). Distribution: Colombia to Tierra del Fuego.


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Plants somewhat small, to 3.5 cm tall, forming tufts, glossy golden brown, blackish below, stem and branch tips green or yellowish-green. Stems loosely erect, few branched; in cross-section cells thick-walled, outer3-4 rows of cells small, inner cells larger, central strand absent. Leaves loosely erect, 2-3 mm long, 0.6-0.8 mm wide, deeply concave, apex bluntly acute- or acuminate-rounded, base loosely clasping stem; margins inflexed to enrolled, entire; ecostate; laminal cells thick-walled, sinuose and porose, upper and median cells subquadrate or short rectangular, 10-16 µm long, 6-8 µm wide; lower and basal cells long rectangular, 30-50 µm long, 6-8 µm wide. Autoicous. Perichaetia terminal; leaves enlarged, sheathing 1/2 or more of pseudopodium, oblong-lanceolate, 3.2-5 mm long, convolute. Pseudopodium 3-5 mm long. Capsules erect to suberect, cylindrical, ca. 2 mm long, distal tip with ca. 8 longitudinal slits or divisions, joined distally to a conic cap. Spores spherical, 12-18 µm in diameter, papillose.


Plantas algo pequeñas, hasta 3.5 cm de alto, formando manojos, de color pardo dorado brillante, negruzco hacia abajo, ápices de los tallo y las ramas verde o verde-amarillentos. Tallos laxamente erectos, poco ramificados; células con paredes gruesas en corte transversal, 3-4 filas exteriores de células pequeñas, células internas mayores, sin cordón central. Hojas laxamente erectas, 2-3 mm de largo, 0.6-0.8 mm de ancho, profundamente cóncavas, ápices obtusamente agudo- o redondo-acuminados, base laxamente amplectante al tallo; márgenes inflexos a enrollados, enteros; ecostadas; células de la lámina con paredes gruesas, sinuosas y porosas, células superiores y mediales subcuadradas o corto-rectangulares, 10-16 µm de largo, 6-8 µm de ancho; células inferiores y basales largo-rectangulares, 30-50 µm de largo, 6-8 µm de ancho. Autoicas. Periquecios terminales; hojas agrandadas, envainadas 1/2 o más del pseudopodio, oblongo-lanceoladas, 3.2-5 mm de largo, convolutas. Pseudopodio 3-5 mm de largo. Cápsulas erectas a suberectas, cilíndricas, ca. 2 mm de largo, ápice distal con ca. 8 divisiones o aperturas longitudinales, unidos distalmente a una caperuza cónica. Esporas esféricas, 12-18 µm de diámetro, papilosas.



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