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Funariaceae Schwägr. Search in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Species Muscorum Frondosorum 43. 1830. (Sp. Musc. Frond.) Name publication detail
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
General Reference:

Notes     (Last Modified On 3/16/2009)
general taxon notes:
The Funariaceae consist of some 16 genera in the world (Crosby et al. 2000), and five genera are recorded in China [X.-J. Li (ed.) 2000; Redfearn et al. 1996]. Most species of the Funariaceae are nitrophilous mosses, occurring on forest ground, farms, around houses or disturbed areas.

 

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FUNARIACEAE
葫芦藓科   hu-lu xian ke
by Li Xing-jiang, Si He, and Zhang Da-cheng
 
Plants small to medium-sized, terrestrial, light green to yellowish green, in loose tufts. Stems erect, rarely branched, radiculose at base; central strand usually present. Leaves usually soft and delicate, crowded around stem tips in a rosette or nearly so, upper leaves larger, ovate, obovate or elliptic-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, often apiculate at apex; margins entire or serrate, usually with differentiated marginal cells, sometimes not bordered; costa slender, often ending below leaf apex, sometimes percurrent or shortly excurrent; leaf cells smooth, upper cells lax, irregularly oblong-hexagonal, rarely rhombic; basal cells narrowly rectangular, thin-walled. Autoicous or rarely dioicous. Perichaetia terminal; perichaetial leaves similar to stem leaves. Setae short to elongate, slender, erect or flexuous above; capsules immersed or long-exserted, pyriform or obovoid, erect, inclined, or horizontal to pendulous; stomata present on the necks; opercula conic or shortly rostrate, rarely not developed; annuli present or lacking; peristome teeth double, single or lacking. Calyptrae smooth, naked, usually cucullate, lobed at base, sometimes mitrate. Spores medium-sized, smooth or papillose.
 
 
 
 

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1. Costa slender, ending near 2/3 the leaf length; capsules immersed, cleistocarpous............. 4. Physcomitrella
1. Costa stout, ending near the leaf apex, percurrent or excurrent; capsules long-exserted, stegocarpous......... 2
2. Leaves imbricate; leaf margins somewhat bordered by elongate and yellowish cells; costa excurrent in a short awn................................................................................................................................ 1. Brachymeniopsis
2. Leaves spreading; leaf margins not differentiated; costa percurrent or only excurrent in an apiculus......... 3
3. Capsules short and broad, bowl-shaped or urceolate; peristome teeth absent; calyptrae inflated-mitrate.........
..................................................................................................................................................... 5. Physcomitrium
3. Capsules subcylindrical or narrowly pyriform; peristome teeth usually present; calyptrae inflated-cucullate........................................................................................................................................................................................ 4
4. Capsules erect, symmetric; annuli absent; peristome teeth single, reduced or absent.......... 2. Entosthodon
4. Capsules curved, inclined to horizontal or pendulose, usually very asymmetric; annuli present; peristome double.................................................................................................................................................... 3. Funaria
 
 
 
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