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Cryphaeaceae Schimp. Search in NYBG Virtual Herbarium Decrease font Increase font Restore font
 

Published In: Corollarium Bryologiae Europaeae 97. 1856. (Coroll. Bryol. Eur.) Name publication detail
 

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 12/20/2012)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 12/16/2011)
General Reference:
Contributor: Zhang, Man-xiang, He, Si

Notes     (Last Modified On 12/16/2011)
general taxon notes:

Traditionally, two subfamilies, Cryphaeoideae and Alsioideae, with 14 genera were recognized in the Cryphaeaceae (Brotherus 1925; P.-C. Chen et al. 1978). The classification was based on the length of primary stems, leaf cells, and the position of capsules. Some of the genera in this classification system have been moved to the Leptodontaceae or Leucodontaceae (Buck & Goffinet 2000); however, we do not intend to evaluate the systematic positions of these genera in this flora. Here, Brotherus’s system is still followed. Six genera are recognized for the Cryphaeaceae in China.


 

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Cryphaeaceae
隐蒴藓科   yin shuo xian ke
by Zhang Man-xiang and Si He
  

Plants green, yellowish green to brown or dark brown, slender to robust, in loose or dense tufts. Primary stems creeping; secondary stems erect or prostrate, irregularly branched or pinnately branched; pseudoparaphyllia sometimes present. Leaves ovate at the base, concave, not plicate, gradually narrowed, with short or long slender apices, slightly decurrent at the base; margins plane, serrulate near the apex; costae single, ending below the apex; leaf cells oval or elliptical, regularly arranged; basal and marginal cells quadrate, thick-walled, smooth. Autoicous. Perigonia lateral; perichaetia on the tips of short branches; perichaetial leaves erect, inner perichaetial leaves larger, sheathing at the base, with or without costae; cells linear. Setae short; capsules erect, symmetric; opercula conic at the base, shortly apiculate, rarely shortly rostrate; annuli differentiated; stomata superficial, few; peristome mostly double; exostome teeth 16, lanceolate, pale yellowish, papillose, not striolate at the base, not distinctly trabeculate on inner surface; endostome segments linear-lanceolate or linear, rarely keeled or perforate; basal membrane low; cilia none. Calyptrae small, mitrate, rarely cucullate, somewhat roughened, rarely smooth. Spores spherical, medium-sized to large, smooth or papillose.

 

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1. Primary stems elongate, creeping; secondary stems dendroid; pseudoparaphyllia sometimes present; leaf cells long-rhomboidal; capsules usually exserted; calyptrae small, cucullate.......................... 3. Forsstroemia
1. Primary stems very short, erect or pendulous; secondary stems not dendroid; pseudoparaphyllia absent; leaf cells hexagonal or short-rhomboidal; capsules submerged; calyptrae large, mitrate......................................... 2
2. Leaf margins dentate above....................................................................................................... 4. Pilotrichopsis
2. Leaf margins not dentate...................................................................................................................................... 3
3. Stems pinnately branched; leaf costae ending at mid-leaf; leaf cells smooth; cells of inner perichaetial leaves smooth; capsules nearly spherical; spores ca. 75 µm in diameter, smooth.............. 6. Sphaerotheciella
3. Stems irregularly, rarely pinnately branched; leaf costae reaching beyond mid-leaf or reaching to leaf apex; leaf cells papillose; cells of inner perichaetial leaves papillose; capsules oblong-ovoid or cylindrical; spores less than 50 µm in diameter, finely papillose............................................................................................. 4
4. Secondary stems short, often sparsely branched; peristome double............................................ 1. Cryphaea
4. Secondary stems elongate, often densely branched; peristome single............................................................ 5
5. Leaf costae thick, spinose or prorate on the surfaces; upper leaf cells and marginal cells with a single papilla; capsules 1–3 in each perichaetium on upper secondary stems; peristome teeth long......................... 2. Cyptodontopsis
5. Leaf costae rather slender, often forked above, smooth; leaf cells finely papillose; capsules solitary in each perichaetium on branches; peristome teeth short...................................................................... 5. Schoenobryum
 
 
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