Brachymitrion Tayl., London J. Bot. 5: 44. 1846.
Tayloria Hook. subg. Brachymitrion (Tayl.) Broth., Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(3): 500. 1903.
Plants crowded, caespitose, bright- or yellowish green; stems erect, forked at base, central strand present; basal tomentum dense, branched, red, finely papillose. Leaves crowded and larger above, distant and smaller below, erect when moist, imbricate below and variously twisted above when dry, spathulate or oblong-obovate, apex awned or apiculate; margins variously bordered, spinose-toothed, crenulate to serrate; costa single, subpercurrent; upper cells hexagonal-fusiform, basal cells rectangular to elongate-hexagonal. Setae short, yellowish or yellow-brown, twisted, mammillose or smooth. Capsules erect, urn cylindric, constricted below the suboral rim, hypophysis absent, neck short, wrinkled when dry; exothecial cells in longitudinal files, irregularly rectangular, walls more or less evenly thickened; stomata sparse; exostome teeth 16, brown or brownish red, incurved when dry, connected in pairs at the tips, endostome absent. Spores spherical to subspherical, finely papillose, light brown. Calyptrae cucullate or campanulate.