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Published In: Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis 2: 447. 1825. (Nov 1825) (Prodr.) Name publication detailView in BotanicusView in Biodiversity Heritage Library

Project Name Data (Last Modified On 6/2/2011)
Acceptance : Accepted
Project Data     (Last Modified On 6/3/2011)
Flower/Fruit: Fl. Per. March June.
Comment/Acknowledgements: Indigenous to West Indies and Mexico, widely naturalized in Sind and Punjab.

It is good firewood and excellent for making charcoal. It is also used for fence posts.

Map Location: G-6 Tharparker Dist.: Nagar Parker, plains, large shrub, fair, A. R.Beg R/78 (PFI-B); F-5 Sukkur, tree, Md. Mosharraf Billah s.n. March 1931 (PFI-B); G-4 Dadu, A. H. Khan s.n. 29th Jan., 1954 (PFI-B)


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A large shrub or tree, c. 5 m tall, generally armed with stipular spines. Leaves alternate, bipinnate, with 1-3 pairs of pinnae, rachis 1-8 cm long, prolonged beyond the last pinnae as a soft bristle. Leaflets 10-20 pairs, 7-17 mm long, 2-3 mm broad, entire, oblong, obtuse, sometimes mucronate. Stipules spiny, generally 1.0 cm or less long, in pair. Inflorescence dense axillary pedunculate spikes 4-8.5 cm long, peduncle c. 6-12 mm long. Flowers greenish yellow, pedicel 1 mm. Calyx c. 1 mm long, cup-shaped, 5 toothed, teeth small. Petals 5, free, c. 3 mm long, tip and margin hairy. Stamens 10, free, exserted, c. 4 mm long, anthers tipped with deciduous glands. Pod pedicellate, c. 16-23 cm long, c. 10-12 mm broad, almost straight to semi-circular, light yellow, glabrous, pedicel c. 5-7 mm long. Seeds 10-18, oblong.
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